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Children and Nutrients

Children nutrientsJacquie Eubanks RN BSN

When an estimated 160 million American adults are considered overweight or obese, it’s alarming, but not surprising, that nearly 30 percent of girls and boys under age 20 are also overweight or obese. The rate of obesity among American children is troubling, as severe health effects of childhood obesity include high blood pressure and high cholesterol, risks for developing cardiovascular disease. Overweight children are also at risk for impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, as well as joint issues, musculoskeletal discomfort and fatty liver disease. Overweight children often have low self-esteem, anxiety and depression, social problems and self-reported low quality of life. That’s a lot of issues and pressure for children to deal with, especially when healthier lifestyle habits can support physical and psychological health.

Like adults, childhood obesity is influenced by unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. Drivers of childhood obesity include a diet filled with high-calorie, low-nutrient-density foods and sugary beverages, inadequate physical activity and a high amount of sedentary time, as well as unhealthy sleep patterns. Many in the medical community warn that childhood obesity is a lifetime sentence, as overweight children grow to be overweight adults with threatened life expectancy and diminished long-term health. Conversely, a healthy diet and regular physical activity support healthy growth and development, as well as normal weight maintenance throughout childhood.

Despite previous reports that childhood obesity had stabilized in recent years, a team of experts at Duke University found no evidence of a decline in obesity prevalence among children or adults. Sadly, as the obesity epidemic continues to worsen, researchers found that the most severe obesity was increasing among very young children, those under five years of age, as well as girls in their late teens. While a comprehensive national strategy is needed to combat the obesity epidemic, including reserving time for physical education in schools and protecting children from manipulative food advertising, good lifestyle habits begin in the home. When parents model healthy behaviors, kids follow suit. Although getting a child to eat healthy foods can be a constant struggle, it is a battle worth fighting, as healthy children grow to be healthy adults.

  • Americans typically exceed the recommended levels of calories from solid fats, added sugars, refined grains and sodium.
  • Foods that provide calories but not nutrients, such as added sugars and fats, make up approximately 40 percent of the daily diet for 2 – 18 year olds, largely from soft drinks, pizza and desserts.
  • Only one in three children are physically active every day.
  • Many children spend an average of seven and one half hours in front of a screen, such as TV, phones, and computers.
  • On an average school day, nearly one third of teens play video or computer games for three or more hours.
  • In general, American adults and children eat less than the recommended amounts of whole foods, including fruits, vegetables and grains, as well as dairy and healthy fats.

A recent national survey found that 75 percent of respondents considered their diets to be good, very good or excellent. While some seem confused about what actually constitutes a healthy diet, adding a fruit or a vegetable to every meal is a good place to start. While we may be choosing foods that are healthy in moderation, portion size is a major cause of obesity.

Estimated daily caloric needs for children and teens:

  • 2-3 years old – 1,000
  • 4-8 years old – 1,200-1,400
  • 9-13 year old girls – 1,400-1,600
  • 9-13 year old boys – 1,600-2,000
  • 14-18 year old girls –  1,800
  • 14-18 year old boys – 2,000-2,400

Infants and babies under age 2 need healthy fats for brain and nerve development. Toddlers and preschoolers need calcium to build strong bones and teeth. This is a good age to encourage fruit and vegetable consumption, as kids need nutrients as well as fiber for healthy digestion. Grade schoolers need sufficient protein, complex carbs and healthy fats. Teens have higher calcium requirements, as the majority of bone mass is built during this time. As well, teen girls have higher iron requirements and boys need slightly higher protein than girls. During the first year of life, infants don’t require water, but at all other ages, offer water frequently, especially when its hot outside or when children are engaged in sports or physical activity.

  • Vitamin A is needed for healthy skin and normal growth, as well as vision and tissue repair.
  • Vitamin B assists in metabolic activities and is necessary to produce red blood cells.
  • Vitamin C is needed for immune system health and strength, as well as for healthy tissue, muscles and skin.
  • Vitamin D aids calcium absorption into bones and aids the formation of strong teeth.
  • Iron helps build muscles and healthy blood.
  • Calcium is vital for the maintenance of healthy bones and teeth.
  • Supplements are not intended to replace a healthy diet. However they can provide nutrients often missing in the diet in support of overall health, growth and development.

Professional Supplement Center offers many high quality supplements formulated to support children’s and teens’ digestive and overall health:

Junior NutrientsJunior Nutrients by Pure Encapsulations®: Designed for teens and children ages 4 and over, this hypoallergenic formula provides nutrient-rich, highly bioavailable activated multivitamins, minerals and trace elements in support of daily wellness. Gluten free, Non-GMO hypoallergenic formulation.

Ther-Biotic Children...Ther-Biotic® Children’s Chewable by Klaire Labs™: This broad-spectrum hypoallergenic probiotic supplement is formulated for children ages 2 and older. A potent pre-and probiotic blend, these natural cherry flavored chewable tablets provide 25 billion CFU of 8 beneficial strains of microflora in support of healthy gastrointestinal and immune function in children. Free of gluten, wheat, milk/casein, eggs, fish, shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, soy and artificial colors, flavors and preservatives.

Berry DophilusBerry Dophilus™ by Now® Foods: Suitable for adults and children, these berry flavored chewables provide a blend of 10 clinically validated strains of beneficial probiotic strains for a total of 2 billion CFU per serving. Berry Dophilus™ is designed to support healthy gastrointestinal and immune function and a healthy microbiome, creating a favorable environment for absorption of nutrients. Xylitol sweetened. Gluten, wheat, dairy, egg, soy and  tree nut free, kosher, halal, keto-friendly vegan formulation.

Digest Smart Kids...Digest Smart® Kids Enzyme by Renew Life™: This berry flavored chewable amino acid and plant-based enzyme formula provides 7 kid-friendly digestive enzymes that gently break down proteins, carbohydrates and fats in support of healthy digestive function, as well as a healthy intestinal lining. No sugar or artificial ingredients. Quality, purity and potency guaranteed through expiration date.

Ultra Preventive...Ultra Preventative® Kids Grape by Douglas Laboratories®: Formulated for children ages 4 and older, this great tasting chewable multivitamin, mineral and trace element supplement provides important antioxidant vitamins C and E, a complete vitamin B complex, easily absorbable calcium and magnesium, as well as a full spectrum of bioavailable trace elements in support of children’s overall health and wellbeing. Free of yeast, gluten, soy protein, milk/dairy, corn, sodium, starch and artificial coloring, flavoring and preservatives. Vegetarian formulation.

References:
Childhood Obesity Causes and Consequences:  https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/causes.html
The vast majority of American adults are overweight or obese, and weight is a growing problem among US children, http://www.healthdata.org/news-release/vast-majority-american-adults-are-overweight-or-obese-and-weight-growing-problem-among
Childhood Nutrition. https://www.healthychildren.org/English/healthy-living/nutrition/Pages/Childhood-Nutrition.aspx
Understanding the Role of Nutrition in the Brain & Behavioral Development of Toddlers and Preschool Children: Identifying and Overcoming Methodological Barriers. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2776771/
Kids Need Their Nutrients. https://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=kids-need-their-nutrients–1-19820

 

Can Your Unique Microflora Influence Your Diet Choices?

microfloraJacquieIconBy Jacquie Eubanks
BSN, RN
 

When we are watching our waistlines, most of us would like to believe we have the willpower to make healthy food choices.  Although we are aware of healthy food options, we often err on the side of the less healthy choices.  Afterwards, we may blame a lack of willpower and resolve to make better choices next time.  But is lack of willpower the real culprit sabotaging our eating patterns?  A new scientific review suggests that our gut bacteria may be influencing our food choices.  Apparently, some of those sneaky little microorganisms can be quite manipulative.  The secret to a healthy gut is a balanced microbiome and, according to Carlo Maley, PhD, director of the Center for Evolution and Cancer at the University of California, some of our microbiota are aligned with our dietary goals and some are not. 

The human gut microbiome contains tens of trillions of microorganisms containing more than a thousand different species, which collectively contain more than 100 times as many genes as the body does.  Bacterial DNA control many bodily tasks including proper digestion, immune and intestinal function, energy metabolism and vitamin production.  Of these trillions of microbiota, about one third are common to most people, leaving two thirds specific to each person, similar to fingerprints.  Each person’s unique microflora begins at birth, continues to evolve throughout life, and is largely determined by our diet and our environment. 

How do our gut bacteria influence our choices?  According to the study authored by Maley and Athena Aktipis, PhD and published in the Journal BioEssays, microbes may be under pressure to manipulate eating patterns in order to increase their own fitness.  The study found certain microorganisms may generate cravings for foods that supply the sustenance for their specific  need or foods that suppress their competitors.  Another strategy may be inducing dysbiosis, a loss of the normal balance of microflora, which is linked to obesity, diabetes, inflammation, allergies or functional bowel disorders. The study concluded that microbes exhibit influence on reward and satiety pathways, our taste receptors and mood altering chemical production. 

Ideally, the ratio of beneficial to pathogenic bacteria should be approximately 85% helpful to 15% harmful.   The constant ingestion of unhealthy food options can keep microbiome balance skewed in the wrong direction for optimal health.  Fortunately, we can influence our beneficial colonies by reseeding our gut with probiotics and by eating fermented foods.  Your diet can alter the composition of gut flora and have a significant impact on your health when you avoid low nutrient foods, chemical additives and sugar.  Having a healthy microbiome profoundly and positively influences the activity of hundreds of genes that fight disease and maintain health. 

  • Eat a fiber rich, whole food diet with lots of vegetables, beans, nuts, and fruits, which feed the beneficial bacteria. 
  • Limit sugar and chemically laden processed foods which cause inflammation and feed unhealthy bacteria.
  • Take probiotics daily to reestablish healthy microflora, which improve digestive health and reduce inflammation. 
  • Take antibiotics only when absolutely necessary and avoid acid blockers and OTC anti-inflammatory medications, which negatively impact good bacteria. 
FloraMend Prime Probiotic (SF811)
 
FloraMend Prime Probiotic (SF811) by Thorne Research provides an allergy free, proprietary blend of 3 essential strains of vital probiotics to help replenish intestinal flora and promote overall and digestive health.  Stomach acid resistant capsule ensures delivery throughout the intestinal tract.  Stable at room temperature – no refrigeration needed.  Non-GMO and gluten, soy and dairy free. 
 
Probiotic HPSS (High Potency, Shelf Stable
 
Probiotic HPSS by Metabolic Maintenance supplies 60 billion CFU per capsule of high potency, shelf stable probiotics to support digestive and immune health.  Targeted release, acid resistant capsule helps to maximize bioavailability.  Gluten, dairy and soy free. 
 
Strengtia (K-61)
Strengtia™ (K-61) by Apex Energetics targets and supports the intestinal environment with a specially developed scientific formula.  Stomach acid resistant pre and probiotic formula contains selected strains that remain viable at room temperature.  
 
 
Ther-Biotic Complete...Ther-Biotic Complete by Klaire Labs offers a high potency, hypoallergenic blend of 12 certified probiotics for broad-spectrum coverage to support a healthy balance of microflora across the entire intestinal tract.  This unique combination of colonizing and transient strains is formulated with a full spectrum of synergistic and complementary species.  Heat sensitive – refrigerate to maintain potency.  Gluten, soy, dairy, and yeast free. 
 
Ther-Biotic Children...Ther-Biotic Children’s Chewable by Klaire Labs provides a broad-spectrum, hypoallergenic probiotic supplement designed specifically for children aged 2 and older.  Naturally flavored chewable tablets benefit gastrointestinal, immune and oral health.  Gluten, soy, dairy and yeast free.  Refrigerate to maintain potency.