Featured Brand: Integrative Therapeutics

Integrative_TherapeuticsSusan Brown Health and Wellness Editor



Integrative Therapeutics provides safe and effective supplements for conventional, naturopathic and alternative medicine practitioners. Their science-based top tier nutritional supplements are developed to bring together the best of science and medicine in order to aid healthcare professionals in their approach to restoring and maintaining health. Integrative Therapeutics™ believes in working with practitioners to provide a comprehensive approach to life-style driven care to empower people to take control of their health and wellness. Their evidence based approach and meticulous processes focus on the development of formulations based on research, ingredient testing, quality assurance and collaboration with their medical review board and a team of scientists, chemists and microbiologists.

Integrative Therapeutics™ partners with raw material suppliers who share their passion for quality and consistency. All ingredients are validated for identity, safety, potency and bioavailability. In-house and third-party testing assures that products are free of contaminants, pesticides, heavy metals and microbial impurities. Their high quality supplements are manufactured in a state-of-the-art, pharmaceutical GMP audited facility ensuring identity, purity, strength, composition, accurate label claims and validated shelf life. Integrative Therapeutics™ quality formulas are available solely through healthcare professionals.

Cortisol Manager™ by Integrative TherapeuticsCortisol Manager – Widely popular with our customers, this standardized proprietary blend of botanicals and stress-reducing adaptogens provides safe, natural, non-habit forming support for all-day stress reduction, balanced cortisol levels and restorative sleep without diminishing daytime alertness.  Gluten and dairy free, vegetarian formula.


Similase® by Integrative TherapeuticsSimilase – This highly rated product provides a broad range, comprehensive, high potency, digestive enzyme formula that effectively supports gastrointestinal function under a wide range of pH conditions. Similase® provides support for digestion and assimilation of all nutrients, including protein, carbohydrate, fat and fiber and provides relief of occasional indigestion, gas and bloating. Wheat, soy and dairy free, vegetarian formulation.


Probiotic Pearls by Integrative TherapeuticsProbiotic Pearls – This 5 star-rated, science-based blend provides beneficial microflora to support healthy gastrointestinal and immune function. The patented delivery system protects the probiotics from heat, moisture, oxygen and stomach acid, assuring the probiotics reach the intestines for exceptional support. Gluten free formula.  No refrigeration required, making Probiotics Pearls™ a perfect accompaniment for those on the go.

New Nutrition Labeling Rules

FDASusan Brown Health and Wellness Editor



Initially proposed more than two years ago, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently announced modifications to the packaged food labeling guidelines that were first established more than 20 years ago. The label overhaul is intended to inform consumers about their food choices and make labels easier to decipher for those of us who may not have an advanced mathematics degree. While companies have two to three years to comply, some food and beverage companies began creating healthier choices a decade ago, as a result of changing eating patterns and consumer demand. It is estimated the new rules will affect over 800,000 packaged food and beverage products.

While the sugar industry contends that there is no scientific link between sugar and disease, the changes can’t really come soon enough, as an alarming number of Americans battle obesity, diabetes type 2 and heart disease. Hopefully, in addition to helping consumers make more informed choices, the labels may challenge the food and beverage industries to revamp more of their products and reduce added sugar content. According to the FDA and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, here is what some these changes mean for you:

Added sugars –  An important step forward for public health, manufacturers must list the total sugar content per serving and distinguish between naturally occurring sugar and added sugars that add no nutritional value. The label will also clearly show the percent daily value per serving of added sugar and other nutrients based on a 2,000 calories per day diet, helping interested consumers track their daily totals. The 2015-2020 U.S.D.A Dietary Guidelines recommend limiting added sugar to no more than 10% of total daily calories. Currently, the average American consumes 23 teaspoons (368 calories) of added sugar daily. The American Heart Association recommends that women consume no more than 6 teaspoons (100 calories) and men no more than 9 teaspoons (150 calories) of added sugars per day. Note: one teaspoon is equal to 4 grams of sugar.

Serving size – The label includes more accurate serving sizes to reflect the amount typically consumed in one sitting. By law, a serving size is what is actually consumed at one time. It’s important to note that the serving size is not necessarily the recommended portion size. Whether one has an 8, 12 or 20-ounce soda, each is now considered to be one serving, as people normally drink the entire beverage. The dual column labels will indicate both “per serving” and “per package” calorie and nutrition information for multi-serving packages that could be consumed either in one sitting or in multiple sittings. The labels should clear up any confusion about calorie or nutrient counts when a multi-serving product is consumed at one time.

Fat calorie count – In line with up-to-date scientific research and the movement towards inclusion of healthy dietary fats, the “calories from fat” line has been deleted. The label will show total fats, saturated fats and trans fats along with % daily value. Although controversy runs high as to how much fat we should consume in a healthy diet, the USDA recommends limiting saturated fat to less than 10% of daily calories, which equates to about 22 grams and 200 calories.

Micronutrients – As many Americans are deficient in Vitamin D and potassium, these nutrients and their % daily value will now appear on the label.  Amounts of vitamins A and C will no longer appear, as most receive enough of these nutrients to prevent disease, but not necessarily enough to maintain optimal health.

Although it remains to be seen how these and additional label changes will affect our behavior and eating patterns, the hope is that this will help consumers reduce their daily amount of added sugars, help to track total calorie consumption, and have a positive influence on obesity, diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers and other preventable chronic diseases. Reducing added sugars is a giant step in the right direction, but it is not a cure all. A sedentary lifestyle, overeating and a nutritionally void diet have all contributed to the generally poor state of health of millions of Americans. A balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, legumes, beans, lean protein, nuts, seeds, whole grains and healthy fats, plus regular exercise and healthy sleep is a formula for a better outcome for long term health and wellness. And, of course, encouraging consumers to both read and heed labels may be another challenge, indeed.

FDA modernizes Nutrition Facts label for packaged foods. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm502182.htm
What Does the New Nutritional Facts Panel Mean for You? Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Explains Changes.  www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/what-does-the-new-nutrition-facts-panel-mean-for-you-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-explains-changes-300272134.html
FDA to modify food label guidelines to include added sugar details. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-fda-nutritionlabel-idUSKCN0YB1OF
The FDA’s New Rules for Nutrition Labels. http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2016/05/new-fda-rules/483653/
New U.S. food label rules to require info on added sugars. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/health/new-us-food-label-rules-to-require-info-on-added-sugars/article30107652/

Heartburn Relief – A Natural Approach

HeartburnJacquie Eubanks RN BSN



Recently, it has come to light that prolonged use of acid reflux medications, known as proton pump inhibitors or PPIs, have been linked to numerous health problems. Although known to work well in reducing the production of stomach acid, which can back up into the esophagus and cause an uncomfortable burning sensation, growing research has shown that these medications are not without side effects. Because the medications block stomach acid production, they interfere with the body’s ability to absorb certain nutrients, including magnesium, calcium and vitamin B12. This can lead to deficiencies that negatively affect bone and overall health.

The 10-year study showed that long term use of PPIs can elevate the risk of bone density loss, bone fractures, pneumonia, irregular heartbeat, heart attacks, and C. difficile and H. pylori infections. Hugely concerning, PPIs may significantly elevate the risk of developing chronic kidney disease. It is estimated that 15 million Americans use these often overprescribed common medications long term, while they were originally developed for short term use only.  Researchers also found that for many these powerful drugs may be used inappropriately when other medications, such as H2 receptor antagonists, and natural remedies could be administered, with less risk of side effects for those with severe chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

While both prescription and OTC heartburn medications are designed to suppress stomach acid production, clinicians have found that those who suffer from uncomfortable digestive symptoms may actually have low stomach acidity. It is well established that the occurrence of heartburn and GERD increases with age, while stomach acidity declines, challenging the theory that too much stomach acid is the root of the problem. In his 24 years of nutritionally oriented practice, Dr. Jonathan Wright of the Tahoma Clinic in Washington State found that people over age 40 who experienced heartburn, indigestion and gas, had inadequate stomach acid production 90% of the time.

Reducing or eliminating stomach acid relieves the symptoms of stomach acid refluxing into the esophagus, but does not address underlying causes. The prevailing scientific theory is that GERD is a symptom of a malfunction of the sphincter valve that separates the stomach and esophagus.  Clearly, as any amount of stomach acid in the esophagus is going to irritate the mucosal lining and cause uncomfortable heartburn or regurgitation, one does not have to have excess stomach acid to have heartburn. We need stomach acid to inhibit bacterial overgrowth and to stimulate the release of the pancreatic enzymes that support the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates.

Some argue that GERD is the result of insufficient stomach acid production, which negatively affects the secretion of pancreatic enzymes. In turn, bacterial overgrowth and carbohydrate malabsorption results in increased abdominal pressure, stomach distension and bloating, a perfect formula for producing intestinal gas and increasing risk of developing GERD, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO).

As H. pylori bacteria can only survive in a low-acidic, imbalanced pH environment, it is believed the bacteria itself suppresses stomach acid production in order to thrive. Add in medications that also suppress acid production and you have the beginnings of a vicious cycle–low stomach acid = heartburn + acid suppressors + Pylori infection = further reduction of stomach acid = chronic heartburn and GERD. As H. pylori is associated with an increased risk of low-grade inflammation, gastritis, ulcers and stomach cancer, some may want to actually support, not reduce, stomach acid production to inhibit the growth of this deleterious bacteria.

Healthy digestion and absorption of nutrients is dependent upon gastric acid secretions. Nutritional deficiencies can lead to a number of chronic disorders. Simple lifestyle changes and natural treatments may offer a better and safer way to address the root cause of occasional acid reflux, indigestion and GERD:

  • To restore natural gastric balance and digestive function and aid in eliminating H. pylori bacteria, eat whole, unprocessed foods and regularly consume a variety of fermented foods.
  • Consider supplementing with a multi-strain probiotic (without FOS) on a regular basis to help restore beneficial microflora.
  • Replace stomach acid, enzymes and nutrients that aid digestion and nutrient absorption.
  • Betaine hydrochloride (HCI) has been safely used for over a century to restore normal gastric activity and support healthy gut function. Pepsin, typically taken in conjunction with HCI, safely assists digestion. (HCI should not be taken with anti-inflammatory medications or NSAIDS).
  • Gentian bitters have been traditionally used to treat gastric disturbances. Research shows these bitters act on taste bud receptors to stimulate secretion of saliva and hydrochloric stomach acid.
  • Deglycyrrhizinated licorice (DGL) has been shown to help protect the stomach lining, treat ulcerations, stimulate mucous secretion and stimulate new cell growth.
  • To improve stomach acid content, drink a large glass of water containing one tablespoon of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar.
  • Ginger root, traditionally used for gastric disturbances, helps to suppress H. pylori bacteria.
  • Eliminate artificial sweeteners and fructose that feed harmful intestinal bacteria.
  • Avoid triggers such as spicy and fatty foods, alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine.
  • Eat at least several hours before bedtime and avoid lying down immediately after eating.

Professional Supplement Center carries these and other high quality products that support proper digestive function and nutrient absorption:

Digestive Enzymes Ultra w/ HCl by Pure Encapsulations

Digestive Enzymes Ultra w / HCI by Pure Encapsulations – This broad spectrum formula provides vegetarian digestive enzymes combined with betaine HCI for optimal digestive support across a wide pH range. Non-GMO formulation.



DGL by Ortho MolecularDGL by Ortho Molecular –  This formula combines deglycyrrhizinated licorice root, marshmallow root, slippery elm bark and aloe vera to provide gastrointestinal support for the integrity of the stomach, and soothing, slippery support for healthy mucosal lining of the intestinal and esophageal tracts. Gluten free formulation.


Betaine HCl with Pepsin and Gentian Root Extract by Vital Nutrients

Betaine HCI with Pepsin and Gentian Root Extract by Vital Nutrients – This formula provides beneficial support for the digestive system, promotes healthy digestion and absorption of nutrients, and maintains a proper stomach and intestinal pH.



Ginger Root 550 by Now Foods

Ginger Root 550 by Now Foods  Save 30% –  This product provides soothing support for digestive function and helps maintain healthy gut flora. Gluten, soy and diary free, Non-GMO formulation.


Popular Acid Reflux Drugs Are Linked to Kidney Disease Risk. http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/01/11/462423759/popular-acid-reflux-drugs-are-linked-to-kidney-disease-risk
Heartburn medications are common and effective, but they pose risks. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/health-advisor/heartburn-medications-are-common-and-effective-but-they-pose-risks/article30060425/
Popular heartburn medication linked to chronic kidney disease. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2016/01/11/popular-heartburn-medication-linked-to-chronic-kidney-disease/
What Everybody Ought to Know (But Doesn’t) About Heartburn & GERD. http://chriskresser.com/what-everybody-ought-to-know-but-doesnt-about-heartburn-gerd/
Are Heartburn Medications Safe for Long-Term Use? http://www.everydayhealth.com/digestive-health/experts-are-heartburn-medications-safe.aspx
Gastric Balance: Heartburn Not Always Caused by Excess Acid. http://nutritionreview.org/2013/04/gastric-balance-heartburn-caused-excess-acid/


Does Eating Dietary Fat Result in Fatty Liver Disease?

FattyLiverJacquie Eubanks RN BSN



Along with the obesity crisis, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is quickly becoming a fairly common, dangerous, often misunderstood condition. It is estimated that 70 – 90 million Americans, including up to 17% of our children, may have fatty liver, and as the disease can develop slowly and silently, some may not know it. Currently, fatty liver is the most common cause of liver transplants in the U.S., with children as young as 12 years old in need of transplants. Fatty liver increases heart attack risk, and triggers the chronic inflammation that promotes insulin resistance, prediabetes and diabetes type 2. Surprisingly, research shows that it’s not dietary fat but fructose that’s responsible for the buildup of fat deposits in the liver.

When we consume sugar either as glucose, fructose, or sucrose, we may not notice a taste difference, but the body processes and uses these sugars differently. All three are carbohydrates important for healthy function. The majority of dietary carbohydrates are processed into glucose, which circulates as blood sugar to be used immediately for energy or stored in the muscles or liver as glycogen for later use. Unlike fructose, insulin is secreted in response to high glucose levels, which facilitates the intake of energy supporting glucose into the cells. Increasingly, evidence shows that it’s not dietary fats, nor the fructose found in whole fruits and vegetables that’s causing the high levels of fatty liver disease but rather the refined simple sugars and high fructose corn syrup abundant in the standard American diet.

Fructose, a complex sugar found naturally in nutritious, fiber-filled fruits and vegetables, is slowly metabolized by the body when eaten in its whole form. While most cells can process glucose, fructose can only be metabolized in the liver and is not a preferred energy source for either the muscles or the brain. Fructose is lipogenic, or fat producing, and does not initiate insulin release, but is slowly meted out by the liver to help break down glycogen to be used for energy. Excess amounts of fructose are stored in the liver as fat molecules, which can lead to increased blood lipids, high triglyceride and cholesterol levels, and fatty liver, increasing the risks of developing metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

According to Dr. Diana Mager, professor of Clinical Nutrition at the University of Alberta, Canada, it’s important that close attention be paid to what we mean by dietary sugars, differentiating between those that occur naturally in foods and those that are added as sweeteners. “Eating fresh fruits and vegetables is a great way to get healthy sources of complex carbohydrates, fiber and vitamins that will contribute to your overall liver health. If eating packaged foods, choose foods that have added fruit (rather than fruit flavoring) without extra sugar or sugar coatings. An even better idea is to add fresh fruit to unflavored foods for both variety and added taste.”

Historically, alcohol has been considered the liver’s worst enemy, as consuming too much alcohol on a consistent basis can lead to fatty liver, severe inflammation and eventually cirrhosis. Now, although added sugars may not be the only culprit, it does play a significant role in the development of fatty liver disease. If you have some belly fat, often crave sugar and carbohydrates, and eat a lot of refined flour products, sugary drinks and processed foods, you may have a fatty liver. If you are concerned, fatty liver can be detected by a blood test or an ultrasound. However, early on there are effective strategies that can reverse or prevent fatty liver, including dietary changes, exercise and proper supplementation. Reducing sugar consumption will not only help to manage weight, it will protect your overall, cardiovascular and liver health as well.

  • Start by cutting way back on fructose consumption, but not by giving up fruit, a relatively minor source. Instead, avoid high fructose corn syrup and limit the amount of sugar you consume from sugar sweetened beverages, processed foods and white flour products.
  • In addition to cutting out processed carbohydrates, increase healthy fat intake, such as coconut oil, avocado, omega-3 rich fatty fish or grass fed beef, which actually stimulates fat burning for energy production and decreases inflammation when consumed with a low sugar diet.
  • Eat liver detoxifying foods such as leafy veggies, cruciferous vegetables and sulfur-rich onions and garlic.
  • Exercise regularly to improve insulin resistance and reduce fatty deposits in the liver.
  • Eat healthy protein at every meal to balance blood sugar and stabilize insulin, cut cravings and support optimal liver function.
  • Consider liver supporting and healing nutritional supplements such as milk thistle, B vitamins, lipoic acid and NAC.

Professional Supplement Center carries these and other high quality products that support healthy liver function:

NAC 500mg by Bioclinic Naturals

NAC 500 mg by BioClinic Naturals – This free form N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine (NAC) supports the body’s natural detoxification process and the synthesis of glutathione, a key cellular antioxidant. Gluten, soy and dairy free, Non-GMO formulation.



Silymarin / Milk Thistle Extract (7380) by Douglas LaboratoriesSilymarin / Milk Thistle Extract by Douglas Laboratories – Milk thistle has been used traditionally for centuries to support and enhance normal liver function. Silymarin is known for its powerful protective antioxidant and regenerative activities in the liver. Gluten, soy and dairy free formulation.



Lipoic Acid by Integrative TherapeuticsLipoic Acid by Integrative Therapeutics – Free radical fighter alpha lipoic acid is active in both fat and water based tissues to help protect vital structures from oxidative stress and free radical damage. Gluten, soy and dairy free, vegetarian formulation.



Ultra B-Complex w/ PQQ by Pure EncapsulationsUltra B-Complex w /PQQ by Pure Encapsulations – This formula provides a full complement of B vitamins along with BioPQQ™, alpha lipoic acid and luteolin for unique support of mitochondrial bioenergetics and function. Gluten and soy free, Non-GMO vegetarian formula.


Are you feeding your liver too much sugar? http://www.liver.ca/livewell/issues/2012_winter_issue_Issues_Fatty_Liver_Disease.aspx
Abundance of fructose not good for the liver, heart. http://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/abundance-of-fructose-not-good-for-the-liver-heart
Too much fructose can damage your liver, just like too much alcohol. http://www.sugarscience.org/the-toxic-truth/
What Is the Difference Between Sucrose, Glucose & Fructose? http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/difference-between-sucrose-glucose-fructose-8704.html
Fruits. http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/making-healthy-food-choices/fruits.html
Fructose Absorption & Digestion. http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/fructose-absorption-digestion-4553.html

Featured Brand: Bio Nutrition

BioNutritionSusan Brown Health and Wellness Editor



Professional Supplement Center is pleased to announce the addition of Bio Nutrition, a line of quality, science-based supplements. Family owned Bio Nutrition develops cutting edge nutritional products designed to address common health challenges. These uniquely formulated supplements are manufactured with the highest quality raw materials largely sourced in the U.S.A. Products are designed to aid optimal health and contain wild crafted or organic herbs, herbal extracts, whole foods, vitamins, minerals and co-factors for optimum bioavailability. With 50 years of experience in the health food industry, founder Robert LoMacchio remains committed to making your good health and satisfaction his topmost priority. All products are made in the U.S.A and utilize eco-friendly packaging.

Video Bio Nutrition

To see the full line of products from Bio Nutrition, please visit professionalsupplementcenter.com

Gout Out by Bio Nutrition Inc.Gout Out 12% OFF! – This synergistic blend of fruit extracts, vitamins, minerals and herbal extracts is designed to support healthy uric acid levels. Gout Out is most effective when taken for daily maintenance and may also be taken periodically during flare-ups. Ingredients include B vitamins, black cherry extract, boswellia and turmeric. Gluten, soy and dairy free, vegetarian formulation.


Pre-Biotic by Bio Nutrition Inc.Pre-Biotic 12% OFF! – This proprietary, clinically researched prebiotic fiber supplement has been shown to significantly increase the populations of beneficial intestinal microflora in support of improved gut health and regularity. Gluten, sugar and yeast free, vegetarian formulation.


Maca-Max 1000 mg by Bio Nutrition Inc.Maca-Max 1000 mg 12% OFF! – This ultra-pure and ultra-potent once daily formula for men and women provides highly absorbable, gelatinized Peruvian maca root in support of energy and stamina, mental alertness, mood enhancement, sexual wellness, hormonal balance and overall health. Soy free, vegetarian formulation.


Blood Sugar Wellness by Bio Nutrition Inc.Blood Sugar Wellness 12% OFF! – This comprehensive blend of superfruit antioxidants, wild crafted herbs, and minerals is designed to support the maintenance of healthy blood sugar levels, promote insulin utilization, support pancreatic function, and aid overall wellness. Ingredients include chromium picolinate, cinnamon extract and fenugreek extract. Soy free.


Vitamin D-3 12,000 IU by Bio Nutrition Inc.Vitamin D-3 12,000 IU  12% OFF!–  This product provides lanolin-derived vitamin D-3 as cholecalciferol in support of healthy bodily functions, and immune, cellular and cardiovascular health. One vegetarian capsule provides 12,000 IU of vitamin D-3. Gluten, yeast and sugar free formulation.

Healthy Aging Support for Men over 40

HealthyAgingMenJacquie Eubanks RN BSN



It happens to all of us. We wake up one morning and are surprised to find ourselves suddenly in midlife when we feel no different than we felt yesterday. Right about the time we reach age 40, we may begin to realize that we are not invincible, and that we need to take steps to protect our longevity and long term health. While we may look forward to many active years ahead, how we live now will determine how we live in later life. Practicing prevention with a healthy lifestyle, while we are young, will result in healthier years ahead. It will also reduce the risk of developing preventable chronic diseases and gender specific health issues associated with aging. As well, a dismissive attitude towards prevention can have dire consequences in the long term. According to the Cleveland Clinic, the top health concerns for aging men are prostate cancer, cardiovascular disease, erectile dysfunction, weight management, diabetes and stroke.

Men’s protein needs are proportionally greater than women’s, especially when combined with regular physical activity. Physically active men who wish to maintain lean muscle mass as they grow older require more protein than sedentary men. As metabolic rates decrease with age, good quality protein along with vitamins and minerals help to maintain both lean muscle mass and energy levels. Good nutrition is needed to maintain immune function and overall health, as well as to protect muscle, bone, prostate, cardiac and vision health. Antioxidant vitamins that help prevent oxidative damage also become more important with aging. Older adults need more calcium and vitamin D to help maintain strong and healthy bones. Fiber keeps the gastrointestinal tract running smoothly and helps to reduce cholesterol and maintain weight.

Cardiovascular health – The American Heart Association indicates that one in three adult men have some form of cardiovascular disease. Blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and homocysteine levels begin to creep up with aging, increasing the risk for heart attack and stroke. Adult men should monitor their cholesterol and blood pressure levels, as high levels are known contributors to heart disease, and high blood pressure is common in younger males. Essential nutrients for heart health include omega-3 fatty acids for decreased inflammation, and maintenance of healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels; folate and vitamin B6 for maintenance of healthy homocysteine levels; CoQ10 for maintenance of cellular energy; healthy fats for reduced cholesterol and triglyceride levels; polyphenols, to aid relaxation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure; and antioxidants such as resveratrol, to combat oxidative stress and reduce free radicals.

Weight management – As we age, metabolism slows and exercise becomes increasingly important. Eating for health and controlling portion sizes are critical to maintaining a healthy weight. A poor diet that includes salty and highly processed foods contributes to hypertension, high blood sugar and ultimately, obesity, poor health and a host of age related chronic illnesses. Healthy foods for weight management include eggs, leafy greens, cruciferous vegetables, fish, lean proteins, beans and legumes, and healthy fats such as avocado.

Diabetes – Along with the current obesity epidemic, type 2 diabetes is a significant health concern for older men. Blood glucose levels should be monitored, as blood sugar can frequently be maintained or lowered with a healthy diet and lifestyle, often warding off pre-diabetes, diabetes and insulin dependency. The American Diabetes Association recommends that those eating a largely plant based diet should be sure to get sufficient amounts of vitamin B12, omega–3 fatty acids, calcium, vitamin D and iron. For diabetes prevention, the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health recommends exercising to reach and maintain normal weight, following a healthy nutritious, low glycemic index diet, not smoking and limiting alcohol.

Eye health – Changes in vision and hearing loss are relatively common for people in their 40’s. Many will typically notice problems with close range vision especially in low light. Some may experience floaters or dry eye syndrome. Good nutrition and eye friendly nutrients such as lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamins C and E, zinc and essential fatty acids support and preserve long term vision health, and help to reduce the risk of developing age related eye diseases such as macular degeneration, glaucoma or cataracts.

Prostate health – The majority of American men develop benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), commonly known as an enlarged prostate. A prostate-healthy, largely plant based diet that includes legumes, garlic, onions and flax seeds, plus other modifiable lifestyle factors, including regular physical activity, can prevent or positively influence progression of the disease. As obesity is a risk factor for developing BPH, a diet high in vegetables, fruits, fiber and nutrients can help ward off weight gain, thereby supporting prostate health. Lycopene, found in tomatoes, red grapefruits, papaya and other red fruits and vegetables, helps to lower the blood levels of antigen, a protein connected to prostate inflammation and BPH.

Stress management – Chronic stress is a known high risk factor for coronary disease. Participation in regular exercise, healthy amounts of restorative sleep and relaxation techniques reduce stress and help allay future health concerns. Healthy eating is crucial to provide immune and energy support during times of increased stress. Whole, unprocessed foods that contain fiber and phytonutrients boost immune function and help maintain overall health. As stress creates a greater physiological demand for energy, oxygen, and circulation, a daily vitamin and mineral supplement can provide micronutrient support. Supplements including antioxidants, B vitamins and omega-3 fats are particularly important for those under stress.

Professional Supplement Center carries these and other high quality supplements for men’s health support:

Every Man's One Daily by New ChapterEvery Man’s Once Daily by New Chapter – This whole food complexed multivitamin is specifically formulated to meet the needs of active men and provide support for immune function, energy production and cardiac health. Gluten free, Non-GMO vegetarian formulation.


Trilogy Men by Vibrant HealthTrilogy Men by Vibrant Health – This unique product supplies a daily power pack that includes a 100% organic plant based multivitamin, mercury free EPA and DHA fish oil, as well as a 12 strain probiotic. It provides 20 billion CFU of helpful microorganisms in support of healthy blood sugar levels, cardiac health, energy production and immune and overall health. Gluten and soy free, Non-GMO formulation.


Al's Formula (Basic Nutrients For Men Over 40) (VMM) by Thorne ResearchAl’s Formula Basic Nutrients for Men over 40 –  This comprehensive formula, specifically designed to meet men’s nutritional needs, provides prostate support, promotes healthy cardiovascular function and supplies all essential nutrients for overall health. Gluten, soy and dairy free, Non-GMO vegetarian formula.


Enzyme Nutrition Multi-Vitamin for Men by EnzymedicaEnzyme Nutrition Multi-Vitamin for Men by Enzymedica – This product provides 100% whole food and enzyme activated nutrients that enhance the utilization of vitamins and minerals. The formula includes guaranteed potency probiotics, nutrient rich superfoods and daily botanicals in order to support increased energy and stamina, heart health, and immune function and to promote longevity. Gluten, soy and dairy fee, Non-GMO vegetarian formula.


MultiMedica for Men by NuMedicaMultiMedica for Men by NuMedica – This comprehensive multivitamin, mineral, botanical and amino acid formula is designed to meet the unique nutritional requirements of men. This product provides overall wellness support and antioxidant protection, along with prostate, liver and adrenal supportive nutrients. Gluten and dairy free.


Homocysteine Factors by Pure EncapsulationsHomocysteine Factors by Pure Encapsulations – This high quality product provides activated vitamin B6 and bioavailable folate in support of the maintenance of healthy homocysteine levels. Gluten and soy free, Non-GMO vegetarian formulation.



Nutrition for Older Men. http://www.eatright.org/resource/health/wellness/healthy-aging/nutrition-for-older-men
Top Health Concerns for Men and Women. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/2012/03/top-health-concerns-for-men-women/
10 Top Health Risks for Men. http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/top-10-health-risks-for-men#2
Healthy aging – http://www.healthcommunities.com/healthy-aging/healthy-living-tips-40s.shtml
Diet and Nutrition – http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/caring-for-your-vision/diet-and-nutrition?sso=y
Important Nutrients for Stress Management. http://paleoleap.com/important-nutrients-stress-management/
10 Essential Nutrients for Heart Health. http://www.mindbodygreen.com/0-7757/10-essential-nutrients-for-heart-health.html
Key Nutrients – http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/meal-planning-for-vegetarians/nutirents-vegetarians.html
Simple Steps to Preventing Diabetes. http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/diabetes-prevention/preventing-diabetes-full-story/


The Influence of Antibiotics on our Microbiome

AntibioticsMicrobiomeJacquie Eubanks RN BSN



While science has yet to discover the total impact of one’s unique and diverse microbiome on health and function, we do know that trillions of microbial cells directly influence each person’s most fundamental processes. Every individual’s ecosystem is composed of distinct colonies of microbes that inhabit different parts of the body and play essential specialized roles in digestion and absorption of nutrients, immune health, weight, sleep, mood and even our behavior. What’s really interesting is that similar to fingerprints, no two microbiomes are identical. This diversity may help to explain why some of us are prone to allergies, illness or anxiety, while others seem to fair far better.

Dr. Martin Blaser, microbiologist and director of the Human Microbiome Program at N.Y.U., describes the microbiome as, “all the organisms that call us home, that live in us and interact with each other and ourselves.” The fact is, bacterial cells vastly outnumber bodily cells ten to one, and have a combined weight of about three pounds. Many microbes are beneficial and some are deleterious, such as viruses, pathogens and harmful bacteria. Often referred to as colonies, microbes live in specific niches, and make their homes on our skin and in our nose, throat, lungs, mouth, stomach, intestines, and genitals. The study of the microbiome continues to evolve, as science strives to determine just how significantly these microbes affect our biological processes, and if microbes can be manipulated to support health and prevent disease.

We know that microbes have existed since the dawn of time and that animals, humans and microbes evolved together over millions of years. We know that the womb is sterile, and that babies acquire their first dose of microbes during the birthing process as they pass through the birth canal. Science now shows that babies born by caesarean section have very different microbiota than vaginal birth babies and have a higher risk of developing allergies and obesity. By the age of three, toddlers will have acquired the majority of their microbiome, which is still vastly different from the more stabilized one they will have by adulthood. Over a period of years, it is largely our age, genetics, environment, antibiotic usage and diet that shape our gut microbiome, beginning with breast milk in infancy, and continuing as we are introduced to solid foods and the world. While the composition of our microbiota slowly evolves over time, many microbes are persistent and stay with us throughout our lifetimes.

Research shows that those with a healthy, balanced gut microbiome have normal digestion and absorption of nutrients, better overall immune function, and a properly regulated metabolism. Evidence shows that an imbalanced gut flora, or dysbiosis, contributes to autoimmune diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes and depression. Diets that are low in fermentable fibers and high in refined carbs, added sugars and processed foods directly contribute to an overgrowth of unhealthy gut flora. Of huge concern is the abundant use of antibiotics in both our medical care and our food supply. The ongoing exposure to antibiotics is considered particularly harmful to our beneficial intestinal microflora. Studies show that intervention is often necessary to restore a healthy balance of friendly bacteria after antibiotic use for illness, infection or surgery.

Using data and studies, Dr. Blaser has hypothesized that our obesity epidemic may be directly related the loss of certain microflora species over generations, largely in the last 20 years. While the discovery of antibiotics was no less than miraculous, currently the most commonly dispensed medications in the U.S. are outpatient antibiotics. Expectant women, children and the elderly are most often exposed to antibiotic use, varied by region and by country, though not by increased bacterial infections. When food producers discovered that antibiotics played a role in metabolism, growth and development, it led to an abundant and misappropriate use of antibiotics in industrial meat and poultry production, creating a huge problem for human overexposure and the rise of antibiotic resistant superbugs.

A study led by Brian Swartz, professor of environmental health services at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Health and published in the International Journal of Obesity, showed that antibiotic exposure in children could lead to long term weight gain. Significantly, they found that when antibiotics wipe out existing microbes, they are replaced by other less beneficial species that may adversely affect weight. According to Professor Schwartz, growing evidence shows that “A single course of antibiotics can wipe out an entire intestinal microbiome.” With infrequent use the microbiome can recover. However, “excessive antibiotics” can have a lasting impact on the microbiome and permanently change the ecology of the intestinal tract.

While there is certainly a time and a place for antibiotics, they should be used sparingly and only when necessary. Avoiding food products that may contain antibiotics by choosing meat and dairy products raised without antibiotics and hormones will reduce your exposure. Along with antibiotics, diet is believed to have the have largest impact on the microbiome. As both long and short term diet can influence the microbiome, support your own good health with a whole food, nutritious, fiber-filled, largely plant-based diet. Many high quality strands of probiotic supplements can aid in restoring, supporting and maintaining a healthy microbiome.

Professional Supplement Center carries many high quality products that provide various strains of viable probiotics:

Bio-Bifidus Complex by American BiologicsBio-Bifidus™ by American Biologics® – This patented dairy-free probiotic complex powdered formula is designed for optimal transplanting into the gastrointestinal tract and provides one billion CFU of beneficial microorganisms per serving. Gluten, soy and dairy free formulation.


UltraFlora Balance (HEAT SENSITIVE PRODUCT) by MetagenicsUltra Flora Balance® by Metagenics – This nutraceutical is formulated to promote daily gastrointestinal and immune health, and provide multiple levels of intestinal support, intestinal integrity and digestive function with a blend of pure, viable beneficial probiotic strains. Gluten, dairy and soy free formulation.


Complete Probiotics by Dr. MercolaComplete Probiotics by Dr. MercolaOn Sale 12% OFF! Each power packed dose of Complete Probiotics provides multiple strains of highly researched beneficial microorganisms to promote an optimal environment for colony growth, and provide critical immune and complete digestive support. Gluten and soy free.


FloraMend Prime Probiotic (SF811) by Thorne ResearchFloraMend Prime Probiotic by Thorne Research – This dairy and allergen free proprietary blend provides three essential strains of natural, stable, stomach acid-resistant probiotics to help replenish intestinal flora and promote overall digestive and immune health. Gluten, soy and dairy free formulation.


Saccharomyces Boulardii by Ortho MolecularSaccharomyces Boulardii by Ortho Molecular – Well studied for its use in supporting gastrointestinal disturbances often associated with antibiotic use, this product supplies 5 billion CFU of S. boulardii per capsule. No refrigeration necessary, making this a great traveler’s aid.  Gluten free.


Body Bugs: 5 Surprising Facts About Your Microbiome. http://www.livescience.com/27445-5-surprising-facts-about-your-microbiome.html
ASM’s Microbes After Hours. http://www.microbeworld.org/podcasts/asm-after-hours
Too Many Antibiotics May Make Children Heavier. http://time.com/4082242/antibiotics-obesity/
What To Do About The Antidepressants, Antibiotics And Other Drugs In Our Water. http://ensia.com/features/what-to-do-about-the-antidepressants-antibiotics-and-other-drugs-in-our-water/
Impact of diet and age on the gut microbiota. https://www.coursera.org/learn/microbiome/lecture/tgnBZ/impact-of-diet-and-age-on-the-gut-microbiota

Featured Brand – Natrol (20% OFF)

NatrolSusan Brown Health and Wellness Editor



Professional Supplement Center now carries Natrol®, a line of nutritional supplements known for their high quality products and extensive quality assurance program. Manufactured for over 35 years under Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs), Natrol is committed to providing pure, safe and effective products to better support health and wellness. From their strict vendor qualification program, to analytical ingredient testing, to in-process testing, to final finished product testing, Natrol® guarantees that all products meet stringent quality specifications and ensures efficacy through the expiration date. Their uncompromised quality standards and diligent testing ensure truth in labeling throughout product shelf life.

To see the entire line of Natrol® products, please visit professionalsupplementcenter.com

Pycnogenol - 50 mg by NatrolPycnogenol 50 mg20% OFF This clinically tested, potent, natural antioxidant is derived from the bark of the French maritime pine tree, rich in oligomeric proanthocyanadins, bioflavonoids and phenolic acids. These premium antioxidants are believed to support cardiovascular, skin and circulatory heath, and provide free radical defense for total body health. Gluten, soy, dairy and yeast free formulation.

Omega-3 Flax Seed Oil - 1000 mg by Natrol

Omega-3 Flax Seed Oil 1000 mg 20% OFF This product provides natural plant-sourced alpha linolenic acid (ALA), an omega-3 essential fatty acid that plays a role in supporting cellular, cardiovascular and overall health. Gluten, soy and dairy free formulation.


Easy-C With Bioflavonoids - 1000 mg by Natrol

Easy-C with Bioflavonoids 1000 mg 20% OFF This easy on the stomach, high potency antioxidant vitamin C and citrus bioflavonoid complex provides free radical protection and supports overall wellness. Gluten, soy, dairy and yeast free vegetarian formulation.


Stress-Anxiety-Formula (SAF®) by Natrol

Stress & Anxiety / Day & Nite Formula 20% OFF This calming day and night formula provides clinically validated, non-habit forming ingredients to help manage stress, reduce anxiety, promote relaxation and support restful sleep. Gluten, soy and dairy free formulation.


Cinnamon Extract - 500 mg by Natrol

Cinnamon Extract 500 mg20% OFF Derived from cinnamon bark, this product contains naturally occurring antioxidant polyphenols, and supports glucose metabolism and the maintenance of healthy blood sugar levels already within the normal range. Gluten, soy, dairy and yeast free, vegetarian formulation.


The Health Benefits of Evening Primrose Oil

EveningPrimroseOilJacquie Eubanks RN BSN



Night blooming evening primrose, a North American wildflower, was known to Native Americans and early European settlers as a food and for the medicinal properties of its leaves and roots. Native Americans used the plant to treat bruises, minor wounds, gastrointestinal upsets, sore throats and other ailments. In the 1930’s, scientists discovered the therapeutic powers of the oil harvested from within the plant’s seeds. Evening primrose oil (EPO) contains a high concentration of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an essential omega-6 fatty acid. While many have an imbalance of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids, we all need dietary omega-6 essential fatty acids for good health. GLA is a more desirable anti-inflammatory form of omega-6 than linoleic acid (LA), which is found in processed cooking oils. While the body is capable of converting LA to GLA, it can only do so in limited amounts.

GLA is converted by the body to prostaglandins, physiologically active lipid compounds that have diverse hormone-like effects. As chemical messengers, working within the cells where they are synthesized, prostaglandins play a role in numerous bodily functions, including muscle contraction and relaxation, dilation and constriction of blood vessels, blood pressure control, immunity and inflammation modulation. Even though GLA is a necessary nutrient that the body cannot synthesize on its own, dietary sources are limited and include evening primrose oil, black currant seed oil and borage oil. Along with omega-3 essential fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids play a critical role in brain function, normal growth and development, bone health, metabolism, and skin and hair health.

Broad spectrum health benefits of evening primrose oil include:

Eczema – EPO may help alleviate the symptoms of eczema by supplying anti-inflammatory fatty acids that may be missing in those with eczema. Research has shown that those with eczema do not have the normal ability to process fatty acids, resulting in a deficiency. Studies have shown that GLA can help relieve eczema-related inflammation and relieve symptoms such as itching, redness and flaking associated with the condition.

Premenstrual syndrome – PMS may result from an impaired ability to convert linoleic acid to GLA. Science shows that GLA interferes with the production of inflammatory prostaglandins that are released during menstruation, helping to alleviate menstrual cramping and minimizing breast tenderness and carbohydrate cravings. GLA has long been used in Europe to help minimize breast inflammation and promote the absorption of iodine, found in abnormally low levels in women with fibrocystic breasts.

Rheumatoid arthritis – Studies have shown that EPO helps reduce joint pain, swelling and morning stiffness associated with RA. According to a study reported in the Lancet, GLA-rich EPO was found to be effective in controlling inflammatory symptoms of RA in 90% of participants who took EPO for 2 – 4 months.

Acne and rosacea – GLA helps to dilute sebum, the pore clogging oily substance over-secreted in those with acne. GLA helps to reduce symptoms of rosacea by reducing inflammation and producing prostaglandins that stimulate the contraction of blood vessels.

Nails, scalp and hair – GLA’s rich stores of essential fatty acids help to nourish the scalp and strengthen nails for overall health of nails, scalp and hair. Some studies have shown that GLA improves blood flow to the skin, supplying oxygen and nutrients for vibrant, radiant skin.

Professional Supplement Center carries these and other high quality brands of evening primrose oil:

OmegaGenics Evening Primrose Oil by Metagenics

OmegaGenics® Evening Primrose Oil by Metagenics – Sourced from pure evening primrose oil, this product supplies 416 mg of omega-6 fatty acids including 50mg of GLA in support of healthy cell membranes and overall health. Gluten free, non-GMO formulation.


Evening Primrose Oil, 100% Vegetarian Organic by Health From The Sun


Evening Primrose Oil, 100% Vegetarian Organic by Health From The Sun – Each vegan softgel provides 1,000 mg of organic evening primrose seed oil supplying 100 mg of GLA. Non-GMO, vegan formula.


Evening Primrose Oil 1300 mg by Ortho Molecular


Evening Primrose Oil 1300 mg by Ortho Molecular – This evening primrose seed oil provides 117 mg GLA per capsule in support of healthy skin, cardiovascular function and premenstrual comfort. Gluten and soy free.


ProPrimEve by Oakmont Labs


ProPrimEve by Oakmont Labs – Each vegan softgel provides 1,000 mg of organic evening primrose seed oil supplying 100 mg of GLA. Non-GMO, vegan formula.



Evening Primrose Oil. http://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/hn-2841007
Evening Primrose Oil. http://wholehealthchicago.com/2009/05/12/evening-primrose-oil/
Evening Primrose Oil (Oenothera Biennis). http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-evening-primrose.html

Walk This Way

WalkThisWaySusan Brown Health and Wellness Editor



Recent controversial news reports have stated that exercising to promote weight loss is a misconception. Many physically active people and medical professionals beg to differ. It’s true that exercise in the presence of unlimited, unrestricted calories will not promote weight loss. However, we can’t rule out the benefits of regular exercise in relation to weight loss and maintenance of normal weight when combined with a reduced calorie, healthy and nutritious diet. In addition to burning calories, toning muscles and reducing body fat, participation in regular moderate physical activity improves overall wellbeing, aids digestion, improves mood and reduces the risk of just about everything, from diabetes to heart disease to cancer and other preventable diseases. For many of us, weight loss or weight maintenance may be the primary goal of exercise. However, disease prevention should also be at the top of the list.

Though weight loss strategies abound, most don’t work long term. Crash dieting or drastic caloric restrictions may help you lose weight but it won’t help you to maintain that weight loss. Quick weight loss generally results in quick weight regain. The most effective way to lose weight long term is to cut back on unhealthy high calorie, low nutrient foods and instead fill up on whole, unprocessed, nutrient dense, fiber filled foods that satiate without spiking blood sugar. Add walking to your daily routine and you may lose 10 – 20 pounds in a matter of months, dependent upon your current weight, how much you would like to lose, and your commitment to healthy eating and regular exercise. Walking is one the safest and easiest forms of beneficial physical activity. It’s so easy and accessible really, there’s hardly any excuse not to do it.

Getting started:

Make an assessment of how much you are moving each day. If you are sitting on your commute to work or school, sitting all day at a desk and plopping down on the sofa after dinner every night, you are leading an unhealthy sedentary lifestyle. Most of us walk less than 5,000 steps daily. In order to improve your general health and your weight, 10,000 steps should be the ultimate daily goal. Initially, aim to walk for 20 minutes, three or four times a week. While speed and intensity do lead to more calories burned in a shorter period of time, walking for 30 minutes after dinner at a speed of just three miles per hour will effectively burn calories.

To ramp up weight loss, work toward increasing your speed. Studies have found that women who do three 30-minute high intensity walks and two moderately paced recovery walks each week lose up to six times more abdominal fat and four times more body fat than those who casually stroll five days each week. Gradually increase the pace, frequency and duration of your walks as you become more fit and watch the pounds slowly melt away. To lose ½ pound per week, you need to burn an extra 250 calories each day. To lose 1 pound per week, you need to burn an extra 500 calories daily. In addition, it’s essential that you don’t exceed the recommended caloric intake for your body weight.

Recommended daily caloric intake for women:

Active women: Women who walk more than 3 miles daily or who participate in other comparable physical activity need about 18 calories per pound or about 2,160 calories per day for a 120-pound woman.

Moderately active women: Women who walk 1.5 – 3 miles per day require approximately 16 calories per pound equating to 1,920 daily calories for a 120-pound woman.

Sedentary women: Those who don’t exercise outside of normal day-to-day activities need only 13 calories per pound, which is about 1,560 calories each day for an inactive 120-pound woman.

Overweight women: For successful weight loss, multiply your desirable body weight by 10 to get the approximate number of calories to consume daily.

Proper technique:

As with all sports, posture and body alignment are important – tensed shoulders, bowed head, immobile arms – do not make for a smooth walking glide and can lead to back pain or knee injury. With proper alignment, movement becomes more fluid, while joint discomfort lessens.

  • Relax the neck and shoulders. Lengthen the space between the shoulders and the ears to bring the head into a correct more comfortable position. To keep your neck comfortably in line with the spine, keep the chin up and focus about 10 feet ahead.
  • Bend and relax the arms and let them naturally swing backward and forward. Keep the hands loose and open. Keep the elbows close the body and move the arms in an arc to build upper body strength and burn more calories.
  • Draw your abdominal muscles inward and upward to activate the muscles and maintain good posture.
  • Work towards a longer stride. Plant each food solidly on the ground and roll from the heel, through the ball of the foot, and lastly, push off as you reach the toes.

Walking’s natural motion provides both physical and mental health benefits and is an excellent way to improve your long term health. In addition to eliminating excess body weight, a regular consistent walking routine improves cardiovascular health, increases endurance, tones and strengthens muscles, and balances your state of mind.

Professional Supplement Center offers these and other fine products that support your health and weight loss goals:

PGX Weight Loss Meal Replacement French Vanilla by Bioclinic NaturalsPGX Weight Loss Meal Replacement French Vanilla by Bioclinic Naturals – This tasty and satisfying meal replacement smoothie promotes healthy weight loss by normalizing postprandial blood glucose levels, improving insulin sensitivity, and increasing satiety. Also available in Double Chocolate flavor. Gluten free.


BCAA Capsules by Pure EncapsulationsBCAA Capsules by Pure Encapsulations – Branched chain amino acids provide nutritional support for athletes and exercisers seeking optimal lean muscle mass. Gluten and soy free, Non-GMO vegetarian formulation.



Healthy Transformation Weight Loss Program (Without Soup) (HEAT SENSITIVE PRODUCT) by MetagenicsHealthy Transformation Weight Loss Program by Metagenics – This clinically designed program provides targeted nutritional support for basic wellness and strategic weight loss. Non-GMO.



Pro Series Exercise Ball - 75 cm Blue by TheraBandPro Series Exercise Ball – 75 cm Blue by TheraBand® – Preferred by professional athletes, this ball was specifically designed to deflate slowly if punctured, reducing injury risk. The responsive surface design provides improved stability and enhanced workout performance. Exercise poster included.


Can I lose weight if my only exercise is walking? http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/weight-loss/expert-answers/walking/faq-20058345
How to Walk Off 10 Pounds. http://www.health.com/health/article/0,,20680533,00.html
Daily Recommended Caloric Intake for Women. http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/daily-recommended-caloric-intake-women-6675.html
Walking Weight Loss Tips. http://www.fitnesshealth101.com/fitness/weight-loss/strategies/walking-tips